Student learning assessment (SLA) is a tool that measures primary grade 1 to 6 reading and mathematics competencies in Bahasa Indonesia. The tool was developed to evaluate the impact of KIAT Guru program, which aims to improve teacher performance and accountability in Indonesia’s remote schools. SLA was designed based on both Indonesia’s 2006 national curriculum and international framework, namely the trends in international mathematics and science study (TIMSS) and progress in international reading literacy study (PIRLS). These include a wide range of content and cognitive domains in reading and math topics. Test items are designed to measure student’s knowledge of reading or math concepts, student’s ability to apply this knowledge to a certain context, or student’s reasoning to critically consider solutions to a novel problem.